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Medicine
 

Medicine and Healthcare

Medicine and healthcare is one of the most sought after careers and a rewarding one in terms of self satisfaction as well as remuneration. Specialization in specific branches of medicine has become necessary for the physicians as dealing professionally with so many different kinds of ailments by a single person is virtually not possible. Technological and clinical advancements to treat different ailments has also become very specific and specialized.

Medicine and Healthcare-Homeopathic Medicine

What Is It

It is a concept of medical treatment, different from Allopathic, Ayurvedic and unani System of medicine and is a fast growing in popularity. Homeopathy is based on the chemical principle of 'similar similibus curentur' which means let likes cured by likes. Homeopathic Practitioners base their diagnosis after tracing the complete history of the disease in the patient, understanding the patient's temperament, personality and food habits.

Qualification

10+2 with PCB followed by BHMS

Scope

Besides private practice Homeopathy offers career oppurtunities in research institutes in both government and private sectors,muncipal corporation hospitals,state administration hospitals and central Government Health Scheme.

Medicine and Healthcare-Ayurvedic and Unani Medicine

What Is It

Indigenous systems of healing have gained prominence in the past decade providing options for clinical work and research. The revival of interest in these traditional systems of medicine and the demand for herbal drugs has increased the demand for medicinal plants. WHO with the establishment of the open International University for complementary medicine has provided a world wide forum for promoting Alternative forms of Healing.

Qualification

10+2 with PCB followed by BAMS/BUMS

Scope

Placement of doctors trained in Ayurvedic/Unani medicine are in Ayurvedic/Unani Medical Colleges and hospitals. After Post graduation, teaching and research are good options.There is enormous interest in consulting in these streams of alternate systems of medicine.

Medicine and Healthcare-Dental Surgeons

What Is It

Dentists and Dental Surgeons are health care professionals who are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the mouth and teeth. The professional requires diagnostic, clinical and social skills. Hospital practice is highly specialized and covers oral surgery, restorative dentistry, children's dentistry and orthodontics. Their job profile includes removing decay, fill cavities, place protective plastic sealants on children?s teeth, straighten teeth, and repair fractured teeth, perform corrective surgery on gums and supporting bones.

Qualification

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)

Scope

Most dentists are independent workers, private practitioners or are employed in hospitals. With the growing awareness of dental hygiene, the demand for good dentists is rising. Dentists are often hired by schools and corporate houses. They play a prominent role in forensic as well as archeological research.

 

Medicine and Healthcare-Ophthalmologists

What Is It

An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor (M.D.) who specializes in all aspects of eye care including diagnosis, management and surgery of ocular diseases and disorders.

Qualification

MD in ophthalmology.

Scope

They form an important part of general healthcare and the scope is widening now. There have been a lot of development in eye care and eye surgery leading to growth in career opportunities for ophthalmologists.

 

Medicine and Healthcare-Physicians

What Is It

Physicians diagnose illnesses and prescribe and administer treatment for people suffering from injury or disease. Physicians examine patients, obtain medical histories, and order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests. They counsel patients on diet, hygiene, and preventive health care.

Qualification

MBBS is the minimum qualification for the physicians. For specialization the professionals have to take up MD

Scope

Physicians and Surgeons are required all over the world for providing health services in hospitals and clinics. This is one of the highest paid professions. They are also hired by educational institutions and industry to make available basic healthcare within premises. Many may opt for private practice

Medicine and Healthcare-Surgeon

What Is It

Surgeons are physicians who specialize in the treatment of injury, disease, and deformity through operations. A general surgeon can perform surgery for all organs of the body but he may further specialize. A surgeon has to examine the patient for the concerned ailment and general condition and then accordingly perform the surgery and also prescribe post surgical treatment.

Qualification

MBBS + MS

Scope

Surgeons are required for even the smallest of operations. They are much in demand and are hired by hospitals and nursing homes. They may also offer their services to other physicians and doctors as consultants or surgeons on call.

Medicine and Healthcare-Gynecologist-Obstetrician

What Is It

Thy are responsible for diagnosis and treatment of disorders of female reproductory system. Care of pregnant women from conception to delivery and even post delivery also comes under their scope.

Qualification

MBBS +Masters in Gynacology

Scope

Their services are required in government as well as private hospitals and nursing homes. They may opt for independent practice.

Medicine and Healthcare-ENT Specialist

What Is It

They are the specialists of ear, nose and throat related ailments.

Qualification

MBBS + MD

Scope

Their services are required in government as well as private hospitals and nursing homes. They may opt for independent practice.

Medicine and Healthcare-Gastroenterologist

What Is It

They are replica watches the specialists of stomach and intestine related ailments.

Qualification

MBBS + MD

Scope

Their services are required in government as well as private hospitals and nursing homes. They may opt for independent practice.

Medicine and Healthcare-Pediatrician

What Is It

They are the specialists of new born babies and small childrem. They not only diagnose and treat their general disorders. They also make aware the parents about child care, vaccination and general growth.

Qualification

MBBS + Masters in Pediatrics

Scope

They may be work in government and private hospitals or offer services as a consultant. They may also be attached with Gynaecologists. Thy may also work for schoos and childcare centers.

Anaesthetist

What Is It

They are the one who introduce Anesthesia to the patients to make the surgery painless. They examine the patient report on general health condition, ailment and age. They consult the surgeon regarding the duration of the surgical procedure and then administer the anesthesia accordingly.

Qualification

MBBS + MD

Scope

Their services are required in government as well as private hospitals and nursing homes. They may opt for independent practice.

Dermatologist

What Is It

They specialize in diagnosis and treatment of skin problems and diseases.

Qualification

MBBS + MD

Scope

Their services are required in government as well as private hospitals and nursing homes. They may opt for independent practice.

Pathologists

What Is It

Pathology is study of disease, its causes, development, consequences, and swiss replica watches manifestations. Those involved in the laboratory pathology are called pathologists. They diagnose the diseases through laboratory processes of testing body fluids or tissues for set parameters.

Qualification

For clinical pathology, one needs to study medicine (MBBS, BVSc) and then proceed with MD in Pathology. Further specialization like speech pathology, forensic pathology and so on can also be studied.

Scope

Pathologists work at laboratories, hospitals, universities, industries or governmental agencies. Most pathologists work in hospital clinics and laboratories and conduct the laboratory assessments to help physicians interpret the condition of their patients.

 

A graduate in medicine has a large number of specializations to choose from. Some of the popular specializations are:

  • Ophthalmology - An ophthalmologist is a specialist in diseases of the eye, and works to both diagnose problems and treat them with the use of surgery and medicine. Most ophthalmologists are concerned with both the medical and the surgical aspects of eye conditions. However, if you are averse to operating it is possible to specialise only in medical ophthalmology.
  • Anaesthetics - An anaesthesiologist is a highly trained medical specialist who makes anaesthesia related medical decisions and is responsible for the safety and well being of the patient during an operation. This includes maintaining the patient in a state of controlled unconsciousness, providing pain relief and monitoring the patient's critical life functions as they are affected throughout surgical, obstetrical or other medical procedures.
  • Obstetrics and gynaecology - Obstetrics and gynaecology includes women's reproductive health and pre-natal care, as well as labour and delivery. Physicians often practice a mix of obstetrics and gynaecology, but some may specialize in one area. Additionally, physicians may further sub-specialize within the field of obstetrics and gynaecology, such as in maternal foetal medicine or reproductive endocrinology.
  • Psychiatry -Psychiatry is one of the oldest medical speciality areas. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in the treatment of mental disorders. Psychiatrists are sometimes confused with psychologists, and while there are many similarities between the two professions, there are also many important differences. There are a number of different speciality areas in psychiatry like Addiction psychiatry, Adult psychiatry, Adolescent and child psychiatry, Forensic psychiatry, Geriatric psychiatry and Neuropsychiatry that one can go for.
  • Paediatrics - A paediatrician is concerned with the physical, emotional, and social health of children from birth to young adulthood. He/she deals with the biological, social, and environmental influences on the developing child, and also the impact of disease and dysfunction on their development.
  • Pathology - Pathology entails the analysis and examination of human tissue, bone, and bodily fluids for abnormalities. Pathologists in hospitals and clinical laboratories practice as consultant physicians, and their inputs are critical for the accurate diagnosis of diseases as well as to determine the cause of death in the deceased.
  • Surgery - A surgeon is a physician who has trained specifically to operate on patients in need of surgical procedures. Some surgeons are specialized in a particular type of surgery, such as brain or heart surgeries while other surgeons, called general surgeons perform surgeries that are broader in scope and are not highly specialized. The training period for surgery is longer than for most other disciplines.
  • Orthopaedics - Orthopaedics is an extremely competitive field focusing on the diagnosis, treatment, and repair of bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and joints. Orthopaedics is primarily a surgical speciality, although there are a few physicians who practice non-surgical orthopaedics such as sports medicine, or physical medicine.
  • Cardiology- Cardiologists provide health care to prevent, diagnose and treat diseases and conditions of the heart and the cardiovascular system. Because the field of cardiology encompasses so many different types of diseases and procedures, there are many different types of cardiology one may choose to practice. Keep in mind that a cardiologist is different from a cardiac surgeon.
  • Neurology- Neurology is the branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the nervous system, including brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and muscles. Neurologists treat a wide range of disorders, ranging from epilepsy and migraine to acute neurological emergencies such as stroke, meningitis, encephalitis and chronic conditions (such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease).
  • Dermatology- A dermatologist is a physician trained to treat diseases of the skin. Dermatologists treat anything from a fungal or bacterial infection of the skin to various types of cancer. In addition to medical treatment of skin conditions, dermatologists may also do aesthetic, elective procedures for patients who wish to improve skin tone and decrease signs of aging.

Top Colleges

  • AIIMS, New Delhi
  • AFMC, Pune
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
  • University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  • CMC Vellore, Ludhiana
  • Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Science, Wardha
  • St. John Medical College, Bengaluru
  • JIPMER, Puducherry
  • BHU, Varanasi
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College (AMU), Aligarh

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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